Pivotal help in Water Scarcity

Chlorine Dioxide disinfectant can empower water-stressed communities to meet critical needs.

Use as a disinfectant is versatile and simple via a refillable spray bottle provided to each person. Facilitates easier sanitation.

  • Spray bottles are convenient, portable, easy to remember.

  • Spraying is quicker than applying gels or wipes.

  • People more likely to disinfect after minor issues (face touching, small cough, etc.) more frequently when it doesn't require going to a sink.

  • Safe, multi-purpose disinfectant for skin, clothes, surfaces, air, and PPE. (Also for water and rinsing foods, at low concentrations.)

    • Note: If cleaning an oily or dirty surface, soap should also be used beforehand.)

  • Intense kill of pathogens with comparatively little water.

  • Much less expensive than alcohols, and milder on skin.

  • Safe to inhale at low concentrations.

Economical and practical.

  • Initial individual cost: Basic spray bottle or continuous mist spray bottle, and 50-100 mL pocket-size mist bottle. Optional: Pump-up sprayer for larger areas.

  • Mixing equipment if making solution from liquid concentrate:
    Opaque 25-litre jug; or opaque 200-L barrel; or USD $250 community non-electric mixing station.

  • Ongoing cost: $0.70 / gallon for refill solution, or <$1 / gallon for solution-generating tablets. Powders also available.

  • Spray bottle reduces waste of disinfectant, compared to pouring liquid from a bottle with a flip-top lid.

  • Transportation: At least 80% less expensive than transporting bleach, because less chemical is needed. Products are also shipped in dilutions that are very safe for transport.

Environmentally friendly.

  • Unlike bleach, creates no cancer-causing byproducts.

  • Less waste from disposable bottles and wipes.

  • Individuals can refill spray bottles; exchange for newly refilled bottles; or use tablets to mix fresh solution in bottles.

  • A small amount of inert salt is almost all that is left after disinfecting surfaces.

When sprayed into air, will help sanitize air and surfaces where it lands.

  • Holds possibly of being very valuable in multi-generational and crowded homes.

  • Businesses, schools and healthcare centers can operate more safely.

  • Convenient enough to become a routine practice that reduces contagion from non-symptomatic individuals.

  • Decreases amount of germs that patients must fight in sick rooms, making it less difficult for their immunity system to fight off sickness.

  • Can reduce hospital crowding by making home environments safer for isolation.

Kills more pathogens, rapidly.

  • Highly effective against an exceptionally broad range of viruses, bacteria, molds & fungi.

  • Disinfection is rapid and powerful, so even brief contact kills many germs.

  • Very low concentrations can kill pathogens in water & reduce food spoilage.

  • Penetrates biofilms to kill pathogens more deeply than other disinfectants.

  • Almost no organisms is able to build up resistance against chlorine dioxide's unique chemical action.

When disinfecting with chlorine dioxide, only about 1/10th as much chemical is needed compared to the amount needed when using common bleach.Chlorine dioxide reacts with only certain types of substances, so much less chemical is needed and transport is easier. Disinfecting solution can be easily made using local water.

  • Only 10-20% as much chemical is required for the same effectiveness as bleach (sodium hypochlorite).

  • Less affected by organic contaminants and pH variations.

  • Chlorine dioxide solutions are effective 5-30 days (depending on which type is used) after mixing, versus only 1-2 days for bleach. This results in less waste from expiration times.

  • Basic training enables simple, safe mixing by local people.

Water Treatment

Chlorine Dioxide is also an exceptional water treatment for a variety of purposes. It is commonly used throughout the world to treat drinking water, waste water, food processing waters, and cooling systems.

See USACHPPM technical information paper.